Cardiology in Horses
Echocardiography in horses
This technique applied to horses is very useful and simple, non-invasive in the chest wall is done by means of a sparse ultrasound to produce images in two dimensions. Currently in horse cardiology, the mode is the most used 2D, it allows us to see the images in real time and two-dimensional (flat cuts of the heart in different axes). Also, it can be complemented with other techniques such as Doppler.
DOPPLER. Depending on the frequency difference between the emitted and the reflected ultrasound, the speed and direction of the moving object can be calculated (Doppler effect). This will make it easier for us to study the blood flow within the heart.
There are several types of pulsed Doppler, multiple doors and color flow. We use it to locate the possible reflux of blood.
Echocardiography is indicated as a diagnostic technique for the non-invasive image to which it provides information about a large number of parameters such as being; the shape, size, and function of the heart valves, the pericardium, or the coronary arteries and veins.
It is also used to detect alterations or defects in the walls, as well as for the shape and function of the heart valves.
Basically the use of ultrasound in the heart, has the following clinical applications:
- Heart Valves
- Congenital heart disease
- pericardial effusion
- Ischemic heart disease
- Aorta disorder.
Electrocardiogram in horses
The electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) in cardiology in horses is a test that records the electrical activity of the heart by means of a graphic representation of the cardiac contraction, through digital electrodes that amplified and recorded on a screen of a computer or mobile phone the heart and thus detect possible cardiac disorders.
In horse sports medicine it is useful for:
• Know the regularity of the heartbeat.
• Study the effect of certain medications on the rate of pulse transmission or cardiac contraction in sports horses.
• Know the size of the cameras or the variation in the thickness of the walls of the heart.
• Detects possible heart injuries. • Use to diagnose myocardial damage.
• Differentiate a small infarction • Detect arrhythmias.
• Basically any alterations of the electrical activity of the heart. • Evaluation of the causes of heart failure.
• An ECG is useful to diagnose a heart disease that leads to poor perforation.