Dentistry in horses

dentistry in horses

The revision of the mouth is one of the basic care in horses. At Sport Horses Vet we  are aware that it is vital for your health and sports performance.

Our equipment is electric, fast, dynamic in order to minimize the stress of horses, veterinary services of horses that offer an integral service of odontology in equines (dental filings, surgery, teeth extraction, etc.)

Very important to control more frequently in horses younger than 5 years, especially
in the period in which they change the “milk” dentition by
the permanent (between 2 years and a half and 5 years).

During this period, reviews must be made between every 4 and 6
months At this age you should:
• Filing the premolars and molars
• Control the eruption of the deciduous teeth
• Control the eruption of the molars, as well as the eruption of the fangs, in the
case of the males and the females that the present.
• Control the eruption of the first
premolar or “wolf tooth” and extract

In our daily clinic we observed that the problems of our horses are confused with other conditions or are not recognized by the owner, such as wolf teeth, which are found in 25% of the mares and 15% of the males horses . These teeth erupt between 6 and 18 months of age. The extraction is recommended since it has no function from the practical point of view, it is a change that can present many problems in the future. Its elimination is not at all complicated for a horse dentist and reduce the effects on animals by avoiding discomfort, inflammation discomfort usually occurs.
The dental problems of young and adult horses can be evidenced giving rise to a series of symptoms, but the absence of them does not indicate that the Horse does not have pain in the mouth.
They can present alterations at different levels:
Digestive problems:
Do not eat anything or too slow, you drop the food from your mouth, thinning and do not get fat, dull hair, decay, lack of muscles, colics … etc
Behavior problems mounted:
• Abnormal movements of the head, as a result of pain
• Decrease in sports performance, does not yield 100% of its potential
• Difficulty controlling the horse as a result of pain (to turn,
to bend, to brake …)
• Rejection of the embouchure or head (complains when pressed)
• Difference in the behavior of the horse on both sides, as a consequence
of the presence of alterations to one side, or asymmetry in the mouth (in the form
and tip size, genetic alterations …). It has a tendency to go towards
one side or refusal to go sideways
• Roll your head to one side
• Difficulty to meet due to alterations that impede correct mobility
mandibular anteroposterior
• Irregularity in the air …

In summary these are some of the oral problems and their most common symptoms that we observe in our service as horse dentistry:

  • Incorrect chewing of food.
  • Whole food material in the undigested stool.
  • Difficulty eating forage
  • Marked generalized weakness.
  • Progressive thinning
  • Difficulty gaining weight
  • Excessive salivation with steak, bite or without them
  • Nasal discharges
  • Blood in the mouth observed after the riding.
  • Vertical movements during the riding.dentistry in horses
  • Refuses to turn during the riding.
  • Difficulty to put fillet or bite.
  • Very bad smell of the mouth
  • Ulcerative wounds in tongue, palate, gums and lips.